Gainesburg: Gaithersburg) is a city located in the center of Montgomery County, Maryland, USA. According to the 2010 Census, the population is 59,933, the fourth most populous city in the state after Baltimore, Rockville and Frederick. It is located at latitude 39 degrees 8 minutes north, longitude 77 degrees 13 minutes west, and is located northwest of Rockville, the County Office of Montgomery County. The city system was established in 1878.
City of Gaithersburg
Rio shopping center in Gainesburg
the position of Gainesburg in Maryland
City of Gaithersburg
|mayor||Sydney A. Katz|
|region||26.3 km2 (10.2 mi2)|
|land||26.1 km2 (10.1 mi2)|
|water surface||0.2 km2 (0.1 mi2)|
|water area ratio||0.69%|
|Elevation||103 m (350 ft)|
|population||(as of 2008)|
|population density||2250.7 people/km2 (5816.2 people/mi2)|
|equal time||Eastern Standard Time (UTC-5)|
|daylight saving time||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)|
|Official website: City of Gaithersburg|
Gainesburg has New Town, Kentland, the birthplace of the New Urbanism movement. The town was designed by Andrés Duaney and Elizabeth Planter-Seiberg. Other major planning communities include Montgomery Village.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is headquartered in Japan. Other major companies in the city include Hughes Network Systems, IBM, ACE*COMM, Lockheed Martin, MedImmune, and Sodexho.
In July 2005, CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Gainesburg 17th in the "Best 100 Areas That Are Easy to Live in the United States".
The town of Gainesburg began in 1765 when a small agricultural reclaimed land called Logtown was built near the present-day Summit Hall in the land patent "Deir Park" issued to the Ralph Club in 1725. The northern part of the land patent was purchased by Henry Brooks and his own family, Montpellier, was built in the late 1780s or early 1790s. Brooke's stepson, Benjamin Gayther, inherited the land, and by the 1850s the area was no longer called a logtown, and the residents came to be called Gainesburg.
In 1873, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad built Gainesburg Station, designed by Evraim Francis Baldwin. It was one of the Victorian railway stations in Maryland, which Baldwin had designed. After that, rapid growth occurred, and on April 5, 1878, the municipal system was established. In 1899, Gainesburg was chosen as one of six construction sites of the International Latitude Observatory as part of a plan to measure the fluctuation of the earth's Arctic axis. The Gainesburg Latitude Observatory is the only national historic building in the city (as of 2007). The other five observation stations are located in Japan, Italy, Russia and the United States of America (two locations), where the information gathered is still used by scientists today to determine polar motion with information from satellites. The information is the size, shape, and physical properties of the earth, and is also used for space development through the accurate flight patterns of orbiting satellites. The operation of the Gainesburg Latitude Observatory ended in 1982, as manual observations were replaced by computers.
In 1996, there was a subway accident at Washington Metro.
Gainesburg: 39 degrees, 7 minutes, 55 seconds north latitude and 77 degrees, 13 minutes, 35 seconds west longitude/39.13194 degrees north latitude and 77.22639 degrees west longitude/ 39.13194 degrees west longitude;(39.131974, -77.226428).
According to the United States Statistical Bureau, the city area is 26.3km2 (10.2 mi2). Of them, 26.1 km2 (10.1 mi2) is land and 0.2 km2 (0.1 mi2) is water. The water area accounts for 0.69% of the total area.
According to a 2000 census, 52,613 people, 19,621 families and 12,577 families live there. The population density is 2,013.3/km2 (5,216.2/mi2). There are 20,764 houses, and on average 791.1/km2 (2,049.7/mi2). It consists of 58.21% of white people, 14.60% of black people, 0.36% of native Americans, 13.76% of Asian Americans, 0.06% of Pacific Islands Americans, 8.62% of others, and 4.39% of the two or more people. 19.76% of the population is Hispanic or Latino.
Of the 19,612 households, 34.8% have children under 18 years of age, 48.6% get married, 11.2% are single female, and 35.9% are non-family. Of the total, 27.8% are single households, and 7.2% are single elderly households with age 65 or older. The average number of households was 2.65, and the average number of families was 3.25.
The population of the city is on an increasing trend, with the growth rate of 25.0% under 18 years of age, 9.0% for 18-24 years of age, 37.7% for 25-44 years of age, 20.0% for 45-64 years of age, and 8.2% for people over 65 years of age. The median age is 34 years old. 95.1 men per 100 women, and 92.4 men per 100 women, if only 18 years old or older.
Income and household budget (estimated 2007)
- median income
- Households: 74,883 US dollars
- Family: 86,422 US dollars
- Male: 44,331 US dollars
- Female: 35,861 US dollars
- Income per population: 27,323 US dollars
- below poverty line
- Population: 9.1%
- Number of Relatives: 4.9%
- Under 18: 7.2%
- Over 65 years of age: 11.4%
Gainesburg has a five-member city council that forms the city's legislative body. The mayor will head the city council.
As of 2006, the mayor is Sidney A. Katz. The mayor used to be as follows:
- George W. Meem 1898-1904
- Carson Ward 1904-1906
- John W. Walker 1906-1908
- E. D. Kingsley 1908-1912
- Richard H. Miles 1912-1918
- John W. Walker 1918-1924
- Walter M. Magruder 1924-1926
- William McBain 1926-1948
- Harry C. Perry, Sr. 1948-1954
- Merton F. Duvall 1954-1966
- John W. Griffith 1966-1967
- Harold C. Morris 1967-1974
- Susan E. Nicholson, May-Sept. 1974
- Milton M. Walker 1974-1976
- B. Daniel Walder 1976-1978
- Bruce A. Goldensohn 1978-1986
- W. Edward Bohrer, Jr. 1986-1998
The road network is N and S Frederick Ave.; E and W Diamond Ave.; It is centered around the intersection of Maryland State Route 117. It is also connected to Frederick and Rockville City by the Interstate Expressway 270, which connects the Capital Expressway (Capital Beltway).
The entire Inter-State Expressway No. 370 is in the city area and is connected to No. 270 at Shading Globe Station, the terminal at the west end of the Red Line in Washington Metro. If the Intercounty Connector, an uncompleted expressway to Laurel, is built, the No. 370 will take charge of the west end of the highway, and Gainessburg will be the terminal.
At Gainesburg, the WMATA (Washington Metropolitan Area Transportation Authority) Metro Bus and the Montgomery County Ride-on Bus Service are operated, and two stations on the MARC (MARC Train) commuter line Brunswick Line are located downtown and at Metropolitan Globe.
In addition, Maryland is considering the construction of a light rail or bus express called the Corridor Cities Transit Way, which connects Shadi Globe and Clarksburg. When this is completed, several stations are built in the city.
The main line of the CSX Transportation runs across Montgomery County and about 50 trains a day run in the center of Gainesburg. The train at MARC runs on the CSX track. The Amtrak train also passes through Gainessburg, but only passes.
The Air Park in Montgomery County (IATA Airport Code GAI) is located just a distance from the city border. It is the only airport in Montgomery County and is used for general-purpose flights. The commercial line uses Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Washington Dulles International Airport or Baltimore Washington International Airport.
The Municipal School District of Montgomery has jurisdiction over Gainesburg's public education. There are 16 elementary schools, six middle schools and three high schools.
Gainesburg is mainly part of the Washington D.C. media market.
Gainesburg has Gazette News Papers, a publisher of a weekly community newspaper in the suburbs of Maryland, such as Gainesburg Gazette. The Town Courier Company is in Kentland, in charge of the Western Geissberg area, and also publishes Rockville and Arbanas editions.
TV and the Internet
- The city government runs Gazthersburg Television. They are taking up the city's problems and sharing them on line.
- The non-affiliated blog, Gazers Blog, has been covering the politics and news of Gainesburg:
- Gaithersburg: Then & Now shows the history of the city in a photo.
Celebrities from Gainessburg
- Mark Bryan - Hootie & The Blowfish bass player
- Leeds Forbes - Professional skateboard player from Montgomery Village
- Hank Fraree - American football player, now Cleveland Browns
- Judah Friedlinger - Actor Appears on TV Program 30rock
- Joshua Harris - Christian clergyman, author
- Paul James - Actor in TV GrΣΣk
- Tim Kirkjan - Appeared in ESPN baseball commentator, SportsCenter and Baseball Tonight, written in America's Game and Is This a Great Game, or What?: From A-Rod's Heart to Zim's Head—My 25 Years in Baseball"
- Matthew Lesko: Author of "Free Money", former citizen, now living in Kensington, Maryland
- Shane McMahon-Bins McMahon and Linda McMahon's son, younger sister Stephanie McMahon, former "co-GM" by WWE Monday Night Raw
- Jim Miklas Zewski - NBC News Correspondent Chief Pentagon
- John Pappiz-Nebraska American football team defense coach
- Paul Lavill-LaCross player, All-American at Johns Hopkins University and All-Star at Boston Canons
- Eddie Stubs - Country musicians, disk jockeys, Grand All Opri announcers
- James White - NBA Basketball Player, San Antonio Spars, Houston Rockets
- Well - Wrapper
- Ambrose Zams
- Matt Holt - Nothingface and Kingdom Of Snakes former singer
- ^ The place name 'Gaithersburg' is used in a wider area than the city itself. Many unincorporated areas of Montgomery County near Gainesburgh City also use Gainesburg as their postal address. In extreme cases, in the case of Damascus a few miles north of Gainsberg, some of the land on the south side is Gainsberg, and in the north of Montgomery Village, Germantown, Rayton's Building and Clarksberg also use Gainsberg as their postal address. For example, the intersection of the Loghouse Road and the Woodfield Road (Maryland State Route 124) is more than five miles away from Gainesburg City. This article describes the city itself.
- ^ Quickfacts.census.gov - Gaithersburg, Maryland - accessed 2011-12-06.
- ^ In fact, the postal address of the National Institute of Standards and Technology is Gainesburg, and the City of Gainesburg surrounds the site of the United States Institute of Standards and Technology, but it is not part of the incorporated city area and is an unincorporated area of Montgomery County. Over the years, the land has been gradually annexed to Gainesburg, and there are many such outlands in the city. See City's Zoning Map for details.
- ^ Money CNN
- ^ Offutt, William; Sween, Jane (1999). Montgomery County: Centuries of Change. American Historical Press. pp. 166-167
- ^ Census
- ^ Quickfacts
- ^ US Census Bureau
- Gainesburg City Official Website (English)
- Gaithersburg, Maryland
- Gaithersburg Camera Club